Math – Elementary

Based on Cosmic education, Math is presented in such a way as to show its interrelatedness with all other aspects of the universe. Stories are told and experiments are carried out to show children how humans used their imagination to solve problems and come up with great inventions including the creation of the metric system and development of mathematics in measuring the earth. Appealing to the child’s reasoning mind, the history of mathematics is the starting point all further work to stem from.

Children continue to enjoy exploring math and geometry using hands-on materials in the elementary class. Each new process is presented with materials so that the children proceed from sensorial experience to abstraction in a series of steps carefully constructed so that they are able to make their own discoveries. Children at this age have an affinity for doing great work and since numbers are infinite, the child loves the idea of infinity. The great work that the children love to do can be satisfied in mathematics and the children will go even further if they are making up their own problems.

When children are given this solid foundation in math and are able to see the relationship of arithmetic, geometry and algebra to the real world, it makes it easier for them in later years to spend long periods of time working abstractly on paper.

Components of the Mathematics Curriculum:

History of Mathematics: This area introduces the children to the Great Lesson of “The Story of Numbers” and the evolution of numerals through the different civilizations.

Arithmetic: Arithmetic includes the children’s early work on concepts, properties and numeration and extends into work on the 4 operations, squaring/cubing, square root/cube root, fractions, decimal fractions, negative numbers, powers of numbers, other base systems, and word problems.

Geometry: Geometry is a branch of mathematics that deals with points, lines, planes, and solid figures. Work in geometry makes use of the guided discovery approach so that the children can discover the relationships, theorems and formulae themselves. Research shows that information gained in this manner seems to be more readily retained in long term memory than information given to children and then memorized by them.

Algebra: Algebra is considered a generalized arithmetic, and it is characterized by using letters instead of numerical representations. This allows the children to generalize about a relationship. Children in elementary are introduced to the concepts of ratio and proportion.